Agreements Of The Delegates At The Constitutional Convention

December 2, 2020 – 6:28 pm

Few people realized at the time the importance of the subject, the absence of a law of rights becoming the main argument of the federalists against ratification. Most convention delegates felt that states were already protecting the rights of individuals and that the Constitution did not self-hate the national government to take rights and therefore there was no need to include the protection of rights. After the Convention arrived on this point, delegates raised a few last-minute questions. What is important is that they have changed the language that made expense accounts to be from the House of Representatives and that they are accepted or rejected en bloc by the Senate, unchanged. The new language allowed the Senate to amend the expense accounts proposed by the House of Representatives. [123]:243 On 29 June Johnson made a similar point: “that in a branch the people should be represented; in the other, the states. [94] Until now, neither side has been willing to adopt the concept of shared sovereignty between states and a federal government. [95] Distrust between the state`s large and small delegates had reached a low point, as evidenced by Gunning Bedford Jr.`s statements of June 30. As Robert Yates reported, Bedford said: [96] The general project of the Virginia Plan was well received. But the question arose as to how to elect members of both houses of Congress. For half the summer, the Convention debated this issue. Some delegates strongly opposed the people`s chosen from the House of Commons. Roger Sherman of Connecticut was wary of the notion of democracy. People, he said, “should do as little as much about government” because they “could be constantly misled.” Others strongly supported the referendum, including George Mason of Virginia.

Believing in the simple man, Mason believed that members of the House of Commons should “know and sympathize with every part of the community.” Several plans were presented at the Convention. The James Madison plan, known as the Virginia Plan, was the most important plan. The Virginia plan was a proposal from Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. Before the convention began, Virginia delegates met and devised a plan, largely on Madison`s proposals. In their proposal, the two chambers of the legislature would be prorated. The House of Commons would be elected by the people, and the House of Lords would be elected by the House of Commons. The executive would exist only to ensure that the will of the legislator is satisfied and is therefore chosen by the legislature. Two other questions about the president have also sparked a heated debate: how long should the presidential term last? And should the number of terms the president could serve be limited? This debate was based on the fear of a monarchy or despot that the country might adopt. The Convention finally decided on a four-year term, with no limit on the number of times the president could be re-elected. A new committee was created, the Committee of The Deferred Parties, which dealt with other issues that had been postponed. Its members, like Madison, were delegates who had shown a greater desire for compromise and were chosen for this reason, because most members of the Convention wanted to finish their work and go home.

[123]:207 The Commission addressed issues related to taxation, war building, patents and copyright, relations with indigenous tribes, and Franklin`s compromise to demand bills of money from the house.

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