Investment Agreements Unctad

December 11, 2020 – 4:13 am

In summary, the latest developments make the system increasingly complex and diverse. Although the main elements of AI are similar in most agreements, the details of these provisions can be considerably different. All this makes it increasingly difficult for countries, especially developing countries, to interact with inter-institutional agreements and also complicates the negotiation of new agreements. Unlike investment protection, investment promotion provisions are rarely formally included in AI and, if so, these provisions generally remain non-binding. Nevertheless, improving the formal protection offered to foreign investors through an I2 should encourage and encourage cross-border investment. The benefits of higher foreign investment are significant for developing countries that wish to use foreign investment and IDAMIT as instruments to improve their economic development. International tax treaties focus on the elimination of double taxation, but can, at the same time, treat relatives as the prevention of tax evasion. IiA Mapping Project The IIA Mapping Project is a cooperative initiative between UNCTAD and universities around the world to represent the content of II A. The resulting database serves as a tool to understand trends in CEW development, assess the prevalence of different policy approaches, and identify examples of contracts. The Mapping of IIA Content allows you to browse the results of the project (the page will be regularly updated as new results become available). Please quote as: UNCTAD, Mapping of IIA Content, available at More information: Mapping Project Description – Methodology document Typical provisions of ITPs and PTITs are provisions relating to standards for the protection and treatment of foreign investment, which generally address issues of fair and equitable treatment, comprehensive protection and security, national treatment and preferential treatment of nations.

[1] Provisions for compensation for losses suffered by foreign investors as a result of expropriation or war and dispute are generally an essential element of these agreements. Most of them also regulate the cross-border transfer of funds related to foreign investment. Environmental regulations are also becoming more common in I2As. [2]:104 On 12 June 2012, the UN Conference on Trade and Development launched its Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development. The IPFSD comes at a time when the international investment regime is in a state of “transition” and a growing number of governments are reviewing their investment-related regulatory frameworks, both domestic and international. By providing additional guarantees in international law to expatriate investors, IAAs can encourage companies to invest abroad. While there is a scientific debate about the extent to which I2 increases FDI flows to signatory countries, policymakers tend to believe that AI encourages cross-border investment and thus promotes economic development. Foreign direct investment can, among other things, facilitate the entry of capital and technology into host countries, contribute to job creation and have other positive effects. As a result, governments in developing countries are working to put in place an appropriate framework to encourage these flows, including by concluding AAs. Although governments conclude IAS standards with respect to overall development objectives, these agreements themselves generally do not directly address economic development issues.

While AIs rarely contain specific commitments to promote investment, some provisions that advocate the exchange of information on investment opportunities, encourage the use of investment incentives or propose the creation of investment promotion agencies

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