Yalta Agreement What Is It

December 22, 2020 – 12:59 pm

With regard to Poland, the yalta report adds that the provisional government should “be obliged to hold free and unimpeded elections as soon as possible, on the basis of universal suffrage and secret ballot”. [18] The agreement could not mask the importance of adhering to the short-term pro-Soviet control of the Lublin government and eliminating the language that requires supervised elections. [19] It is considered that the agreement on Outer Mongolia and the aforementioned port and railways will require the approval of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The President will take steps to obtain this agreement on the advice of Marshal Stalin. President Roosevelt said: “If we try to avoid the fact that we have put a little more emphasis on Lublin`s Poland than on the other two groups from which the new government is to be drawn, we will expose ourselves to accusations that we will try to reverse the decision in Crimea.” Roosevelt acknowledged that, in the words of Admiral William D. Leahy, the Yalta language was so vague that the Soviets would be able to “stretch it from Yalta to Washington without ever breaking it technically.” [20] Each of the three heads of state and government had their own agenda for post-war Germany and liberated Europe. Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the American Pacific War against Japan, particularly for the planned invasion of Japan (Operation August Storm) and Soviet participation in the United Nations; Churchill insisted on free elections and democratic governments in Central and Eastern Europe (particularly Poland); Stalin called for a Soviet sphere of political influence in Central and Eastern Europe as an essential aspect of the USSR`s national security strategy. Stalin`s position at the conference was one he believed to be so strong that he could dictate conditions. According to the member of the American delegation and future Secretary of State, James F.

Byrnes, “it was not a question of what we would leave to the Russians, but what we could do to the Russians” [9] The final agreement stipulated that “the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.” [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] Allied leaders arrived in Yalta because they knew that an Allies` victory in Europe was almost inevitable, but that they were less convinced that the Pacific War was approaching.

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